Dominica, (pronounced /ˌdɒmɪˈniːkə/ DOM-i-NEE-kə French: Dominique) officially the Commonwealth of Dominica, is an island nation in the Caribbean Sea. To the north-northwest lies Guadeloupe, to the southeast Martinique. Its size is 754 square kilometres (291 sq mi) and the highest point in the country is Morne Diablotins, which has an elevation of 1,447 metres (4,747 ft). The Commonwealth of Dominica has an estimated population of 72,500. The capital is Roseau.
Dominica has been nicknamed the “Nature Isle of the Caribbean” for its seemingly unspoiled natural beauty. It is the youngest island in the Lesser Antilles, still being formed by geothermal-volcanic activity, as evidenced by the world’s second-largest boiling lake. The island features lush mountainous rainforests, home of many rare plants, animals, and bird species. There are xeric areas in some of the western coastal regions, but heavy rainfall can be expected inland. The Sisserou Parrot (also known as the Imperial Amazon),is the island’s national bird, is featured on the national flag. Dominica’s economy is heavily dependent on both tourism and agriculture.
The flag of the Commonwealth of Dominica consists of a circular emblem of red bearing a Sisserou Parrot standing on a twig encircled by ten lime green stars. This is superimposed on three vertical and three horizontal stripes of yellow, black and white forming a triple coloured cross against a background of forest green.
The central emblem presents the National Bird of Dominica, the Sisserou parrot, also a symbol of flight toward greater heights and fulfillment of aspiration. The Parrot also comes from the Dominica Coat of Arms, thus symbolising the official seal of the country.
The ten lime green stars – the traditional symbol of hope – represent the ten parishes of the country, each with equal status, thus the equality of our people. The red central emblem symbolises Dominica’s commitment to social justice.
The yellow, black and white stripes form a triple coloured cross representing the Trinity of God. The cross itself demonstrates belief in God since the Commonwealth of Dominica is founded upon the principles that acknowledge the supremacy of God.
The yellow stripe represents the sunshine of our land, our main agricultural produce: citrus and bananas; and is also a symbol of the Carib and Arawak people, the first inhabitants of the Island.
The white stripe represents the clarity of our rivers and waterfalls and the purity of aspiration of our people.
The black stripe represents the rich black soil of our island on which our agriculture is based, as well as our African heritage.
The general background of the dark green symbolises our rich verdant forest and the general lushness of the island.
Roosevelt Skerrit, (birth 8th June, 1972, Dominica) Dominican teacher and politician who served as prime minister of Dominica from 8th January, 2004 after the sudden death of the Pierre Charles. Upon taking office Skerrit became the world’s youngest head of government, surpassing Joseph Kabila of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. With his party’s May 2005 election victory, Skerrit became the world’s first democratically elected national leader born in the 1970s. As of December 2010 Skerrit remains the youngest head of government in the Western Hemisphere and the third youngest in the world, surpassed only by Madagascar’s Andry Rajoelina and Montenegro’s Igor Lukšić.
He obtained a bachelor’s degree in Arts in English & Psychology from the University of Missippi. Regionally, he has served as the Chairman of the OECS and most recently as Chairman of the Caribbean Community (CARICOM) from 1st January to June 30th, 2010.